History of the Romani language
Romani remains conservative in retaining the Old and Middle Indic present conjugation; in fact, it is one of the most archaic Indic languages in this respect. The first person present ending ker-ava 'I do' goes back to Old Indic kar-āmi, the second person ker-esa 'you do' goes back to Old Indic kar-asi, the third person ker-ela goes back to Old Indic kar-ati, and so on.
Romani also shows some unique innovations that are typical of its separate, distinct development, and which may therefore have emerged outside of India. These include: